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Kāpene Kina

Nā Tracey Kuiti

P.17 Kāpene Kina he tarata kai, ka noho i te toka, kei raro i te wai. Piri ki te rimurimu, ka patua e te tai, whakamarua e Tangaroa hei atawhai. Captain Kina is a prickly guy, who lives in the rocks, under the sea. Hidden amongst the seaweed, subdued by the tide, sheltered by Tangaroa, his ancestral guide.

Possible achievement objectives:

The arts in the curriculum

Strands: Drama, Music, Visual arts
Level: 1

Achievement objectives:

  • Drama: Students will contribute ideas and participate in drama using personal experience and imagination.
  • Music: Students will explore and select a range of familiar sounds.
  • Visual arts: Students will use visual arts to combine and blend using both physical and natural materials for inventive purposes.

Essential skills for assessment

Students will consistently:

  • identify, and process information from a range of sources (Information)
  • use imagination and logic to discover and apply solutions based on personal experiences (Problem solving)
  • recognise group strengths as the most appropriate way of accomplishing a range of shared tasks (Social and co-operative).

Activities to support the achievement objectives

1. Teacher directed

Resources: a variety of pictures of sea animals, birds and seaside.

Pre-reading questions for discussion: to guide the students' focus towards the context (seaside).


  • Has anyone ever been to gather seafood?
  • Is anyone living by the coast?
  • Has anyone ever listened to the waves in a conch shell?
  • What kind of birds are found on the seashore?

2. Teacher directed

First read the poem to the class, then all read it aloud together.


  • If we wanted to see a sea urchin where would we go?
  • Have a close look at the kina. What are those things sticking out?
  • Does anyone know how to cook this kind of food?
  • What’s this kina doing?

3. Teacher directed

Class read a line together, then stop to put in some actions. Do this for the whole poem. Practise this several times.

Working independently, students draw a big outline of a kina and copy the poem inside the outline.

In groups of 3–4, students compose a tune for the poem. If they are able to, encourage students to use musical instrumentation. Each group can perform for the rest of the class.

4. Teacher directed

Teacher preparation: Display pictures of native animals and plants found in rock pools e.g. cat's eyes, limpets, paua, pipi, mussels, sea anemones, sea urchins, crabs, seaweeds, other plants, sponges.

Tell students to make four groups. Hand out drawing paper.

Read the verse again.


  • What words describe kina?
  • What word tells us where kina lives?
  • Finish the phrase “kei raro i te …”
  • What word tells us where kina is hidden?
  • What does the tide do to kina?
  • Kina has a guardian. Who might that be?

Groups record their answers on their sheets of paper.

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